Six school friends formed a blues band called Polka Tulk Blues Band in 1968. These days, they oriented themselves towards the popular styles of music, blues and jazz. After two members left the band, they renamed themselves Earth. When guitarist Tony Iommi left the group for a short time to play with Jethro Tull, it seemed that the end of the group war near. But Iommi returned. To avoid confusion with another band called Earth, they renamed themselves afterwards. The new name came from the movie “I tre volti della paura” with the horror star Boris Karlov. In England, the film was called Black Sabbath. At that time, the musicians were rehearsing opposite a cinema that regularly ran films from the famous English Hammer Studio.
So they got the idea to change their style of music. The band wanted the songs to have the same effect as the horror films of that time. Black Sabbath was born. Ozzy Osbourne and his friends recorded the debut album of the same name in just twelve hours. The intricate guitar rock, with its dark and melancholy elements, hit a big hit. The record stayed in the US charts for a year. Seven months later, the album came out that critics still consider being one of the best and most influential in history.
Style-Defining For Generations
Many critics see Paranoid as the birth of Heavy Metal. Black Sabbath developed the sound to perfection that served as a model for countless groups. The style-defining record also became the cornerstone for other heavy metal sub-genres. Doom Metal and Black Metal got their inspiration from Paranoid. Black Sabbath themselves became one of the three legendary founding bands of the genre. Together with Deep Purple and Led Zeppelin, they are still considered the holy trinity of heavy metal. Interestingly, Deep Purple vocalist Ian Gillan was even the vocalist of Black Sabbath for a short time but left the band because of the comeback of his main band.
Influenced by her homeland Birmingham and the harsh living conditions of the late 1960s, a musical style developed that gave expression to the frustration and anger of the youth movement. The defining musicians of Black Sabbath were undoubtedly singer Ozzy Osbourne and guitarist Tony Iommi. His unusual style of playing the guitar had a lasting impact on the genre. Osbourne, on the other hand, had a love-hate relationship with the band for decades. He left her regularly and kept coming back.
At the same time, he also celebrated great success as a solo singer. The Brit founded the Ozzfest and travelled the country with his music festival tour. All the big stars of heavy metal performed here. The idea came about after the promoters banned Ozzy Osbourne from playing live at the Lollapalooza Festival. So he started the festival tour with his wife, Sharon. The two also appeared in 2002 in the reality soap The Osbournes, which established a new television format. The show’s huge success gave a further boost to the singer’s long career. Black Sabbath ended their careers with one last major world tour. Their way from the working-class neighbourhoods of Birmingham to the top of the international charts has left a clear mark on music history.